Establishing a universally accepted definition is a priority, because it would provide clarity for food manufacturers, aid in health promotion efforts, and protect consumers from false and misleading claims. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee reviewed the available evidence and concluded that there was moderate evidence that whole-grain consumption is associated with a reduced risk of CVD and lower body weight and limited evidence that it is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (21).Findings from observational studies suggest that consumption of 2–3 servings of whole grains per day is sufficient to demonstrate beneficial health effects, such as reduced risk of CVD, type 2 diabetes, and overweight and obesity. The German Nutrition Society recently ranked the evidence on whole grains and health and determined that there is convincing evidence that whole-grain consumption reduces total and LDL cholesterol, probable evidence that it reduces the risk to type 2 diabetes, possible evidence that it reduces the risk of obesity in adults, but insufficient evidence that it reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome (22).This cookie stores just a session ID; no other information is captured.Accepting the NEJM cookie is necessary to use the website.300 scientists, educators, food technologists, grain breeders, food manufacturers, marketers, health professionals, and regulators from around the world.Its goals were to identify potential avenues for collaborative efforts and formulate new approaches to whole-grains research and health communications that support global public health and business.The summit’s main objectives were to identify, understand, and discuss: This paper summarizes the state of whole-grains research in relation to health and disease, including the challenges and opportunities that educators face in disseminating that knowledge to consumers, barriers to increasing consumption of whole grains, food technology, and agricultural issues to be considered when striving to increase the amount of whole grains in food products.The concept that an association exists between whole-grain consumption and health dates back to Hippocrates, who spoke favorably about “coarse” bread.
The appropriate application of these treatments is addressed in this chapter.
However, far fewer provide a regulatory definition for whole grains or for whole-grain foods.