China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain.
For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty.
At its end, Wei was swiftly overthrown by the Jin dynasty.
The Jin fell to civil war upon the ascension of a developmentally-disabled emperor; the Five Barbarians then invaded and ruled northern China as the Sixteen States.
Neither side is likely to want to risk escalating economic tensions too far however, with trade between the two nations last year totalling 8.2bn, according to US government figures.
As of 2016 The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.The Xianbei unified them as the Northern Wei, whose Emperor Xiaowen reversed his predecessors' apartheid policies and enforced a drastic sinification on his subjects, largely integrating them into Chinese culture.